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Font Colours

Colours are made up of red, green and blue pixels of different intensity. See colour in Cyberphysics for the background to this.

There are 256 variations of intensity of clour varying fom 0 to 255 in a typical colour pallet for the computer. Adding the three primary colours of light together in different intensities you can get any shade of colour the human eye can detect! The intensities for Red, Green, Blue are changed from decimal numbers into a base sixteen number (hexadecimal). This has numbers and letters in it. The code for the colour is usually preceded by a hash symbol.

 

#FF0000 has full red and no green or blue so it is red.

#00FF00 has no red, full green and no blue - so it is green

#0000FF has no red or green and full blue - so it is blue.

#FFFF00 has full red and green and no blue - so it is yellow

#FF00FF has full red and blue and no green - so it is magenta

#00FFFF has no red but full green and blue - so it is cyan.

 

 

Here is a table of colours - together with their 'names' - these were first used by Netscape.

 
Hexadecimal Number
Decimal Number
Color name Red Green Blue Red Green Blue
    aliceblue F0 F8 FF 240 248 255
    antiquewhite FA EB D7 250 235 215
    aqua* 00 FF FF 0 255 255
    aquamarine 7F FF D4 127 255 212
    azure F0 FF FF 240 255 255
    beige F5 F5 DC 245 245 220
    bisque FF E4 C4 255 228 196
    black* 00 00 00 0 0 0
    blanchedalmond FF EB CD 255 235 205
    blue* 00 00 FF 0 0 255
    blueviolet 8A 2B E2 138 43 226
    brown A5 2A 2A 165 42 42
    burlywood DE B8 87 222 184 135
    cadetblue 5F 9E A0 95 158 160
    chartreuse 7F FF 00 127 255 0
    chocolate D2 69 1E 210 105 30
    coral FF 7F 50 255 127 80
    cornflowerblue 64 95 ED 100 149 237
    cornsilk FF F8 DC 255 248 220
    crimson DC 14 3C 220 20 60
    cyan 00 FF FF 0 255 255
    darkblue 00 00 8B 0 0 139
    darkcyan 00 8B 8B 0 139 139
    darkgoldenrod B8 86 0B 184 134 11
    darkgray A9 A9 A9 169 169 169
    darkgreen 00 64 00 0 100 0
    darkgrey A9 A9 A9 169 169 169
    darkkhaki BD B7 6B 189 183 107
    darkmagenta 8B 00 8B 139 0 139
    darkolivegreen 55 6B 2F 85 107 47
    darkorange FF 8C 00 255 140 0
    darkorchid 99 32 CC 153 50 204
    darkred 8B 00 00 139 0 0
    darksalmon E9 96 7A 233 150 122
    darkseagreen 8F BC 8F 143 188 143
    darkslateblue 48 3D 8B 72 61 139
    darkslategray 2F 4F 4F 47 79 79
    darkslategrey 2F 4F 4F 47 79 79
    darkturquoise 00 CE D1 0 206 209
    darkviolet 94 00 D3 148 0 211
    deeppink FF 14 93 255 20 147
    deepskyblue 00 BF FF 0 191 255
    dimgray 69 69 69 105 105 105
    dimgrey 69 69 69 105 105 105
    dodgerblue 1E 90 FF 30 144 255
    firebrick B2 22 22 178 34 34
    floralwhite FF FA F0 255 250 240
    forestgreen 22 8B 22 34 139 34
    fuchsia* FF 00 FF 255 0 255
    gainsboro DC DC DC 220 220 220
    ghostwhite F8 F8 FF 248 248 255
    gold FF D7 00 255 215 0
    goldenrod DA A5 20 218 165 32
    gray* 80 80 80 128 128 128
    grey 80 80 80 128 128 128
    green* 00 80 00 0 128 0
    greenyellow AD FF 2F 173 255 47
    honeydew F0 FF F0 240 255 240
    hotpink FF 69 B4 255 105 180
    indianred CD 5C 5C 205 92 92
    indigo 4B 00 82 75 0 130
    ivory FF FF F0 255 255 240
    khaki F0 E6 8C 240 230 140
    lavender E6 E6 FA 230 230 250
    lavenderblush FF F0 F5 255 240 245
    lawngreen 7C FC 00 124 252 0
    lemonchiffon FF FA CD 255 250 205
    lightblue AD D8 E6 173 216 230
    lightcoral F0 80 80 240 128 128
    lightcyan E0 FF FF 224 255 255
    lightgoldenrodyellow FA FA D2 250 250 210
    lightgray D3 D3 D3 211 211 211
    lightgreen 90 EE 90 144 238 144
    lightgrey D3 D3 D3 211 211 211
    lightpink FF B6 C1 255 182 193
    lightsalmon FF A0 7A 255 160 122
    lightseagreen 20 B2 AA 32 178 170
    lightskyblue 87 CE FA 135 206 250
    lightslategray 77 88 99 119 136 153
    lightslategrey 77 88 99 119 136 153
    lightsteelblue B0 C4 DE 176 196 222
    lightyellow FF FF E0 255 255 224
    lime* 00 FF 00 0 255 0
    limegreen 32 CD 32 50 205 50
    linen FA F0 E6 250 240 230
    magenta FF 00 FF 255 0 255
    maroon* 80 00 00 128 0 0
    mediumaquamarine 66 CD AA 102 205 170
    mediumblue 00 00 CD 0 0 205
    mediumorchid BA 55 D3 186 85 211
    mediumpurple 93 70 DB 147 112 219
    mediumseagreen 3C B3 71 60 179 113
    mediumslateblue 7B 68 EE 123 104 238
    mediumspringgreen 00 FA 9A 0 250 154
    mediumturquoise 48 D1 CC 72 209 204
    mediumvioletred C7 15 85 199 21 133
    midnightblue 19 19 70 25 25 112
    mintcream F5 FF FA 245 255 250
    mistyrose FF E4 E1 255 228 225
    moccasin FF E4 B5 255 228 181
    navajowhite FF DE AD 255 222 173
    navy* 00 00 80 0 0 128
    oldlace FD F5 E6 253 245 230
    olive* 80 80 00 128 128 0
    olivedrab 6B 8E 23 107 142 35
    orange FF A5 00 255 165 0
    orangered FF 45 00 255 69 0
    orchid DA 70 D6 218 112 214
    palegoldenrod EE E8 AA 238 232 170
    palegreen 98 FB 98 152 251 152
    paleturquoise